martes, 8 de marzo de 2011

Organizations Behavior and National and Organizational Culture

Organizations Behavior.

To understand the organizations behavior, first of all is important to explain the definition of organization; "Is a structured social system consisting of groups and individuals working together to meet some agreed-upon objectives". There are too many variables that affect the human behavior at work, complementing the study of this science, for example jobs, the design of work, communication, performance appraisal, organizational design, etc. From this, now we can define organizations behavior like "The study of individual behavior and group dynamics in organizations".

Kurt Lewins thought that the organizations behavior was very important to the organizations, for this reason he created an equation and a definition that explain that:
 “Behavior is a function of both the personand the environment (system)”.
B = f (P/E)

The study of organizations behavior is based on several sciences that we already know like medicine, management, anthropology, psychology, sociology, engineering, there have a huge influence on the behavior of the employees. All of these sciences are important to the developing of the organizational behavior because in a different way all are related to the subject in some aspect (minimum or maximum) that we are talking about. 


In organizational behavior there are several levels that evaluate it, to be easier to understand and to handle it. There are 3:
·        Group Processes: Is based on the communication
·        Individual Processes: Is based on the work individual attitudes.
·        Organizational Processes: Is based on the structure of the organization.

It is important to highlight that there are two perspectives to see the organizations behavior, the internal perspective, which considers factors inside the person to understand behavior, and the other one is the external perspective which focuses on factors outside the person to understand behavior.

This subject is very important to the managers and CEO’s to know how to handle their employees and how to be more competitive in the market. 


National and Organizational Culture.

The national culture is one of the most important influences that organizational culture has, this is because the people that works in the company normally acts following the national culture and acting in this way. From the last one we can define what it is an organizational culture: “A set of values or beliefs that is unique to any one organization”.

If the culture is well established could gives the company guides decision making, guides employee behavior, however could provides identity for the employees creating a commitment between them with the organization. For example, the organizational culture in Japan is based on the collectivism creating lifetime work, on the other hand, United States works based on the individualism.

The organizational culture needs to be diversify, this is because not all the time the employees has to be from the same country or from the same culture, given them the facility to have a comfortable adaptation in the company even if they are from another culture. But this is not the only reason; another one is when the company wants to internationalize the company. 

Videos about Organizational Culture:

Question for Organizational Culture:

  • Why is managing organizational behavior in changing times challenging?
    In Changing times, is very important to have a good managing of organizational behavior, because these are times that the company needs to take several decisions that are going to make the difference in the organization envionment. It is important that the CEO shows a good attitud towards the crisis, because he is the reflects of the company and he can gives to the employees a security environment. In changing times it is easier to the company work in teams, implementing methods like brainstormings having solutions in a quickly way.

Nelson, Debra L. and Quick, James Campbell. 2010. Organisational Behavior –Science, the Real World, and You. South-Western Cengage Learning, Mason, USA. Chapter 1 and 2.

Cameron, K., & Quinn, R., (1999). Diagnosing and Changing Organizational Culture. New York: Addison-Wesley.
Mead, Richard. 2004. International Management: Cross-Cultural Dimensions.London: Blackwell Publishing. Chapter 1.
Nelson, D.L. & Quick, J.C. 2010. Organizational Behavior: Science, The Real World and You. South-Western College Publication, 7th. Ed. Chapter 1.

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